If you have been diagnosed with gum disease, several treatment options are available based on the specifics of your situation and the severity of the issue. We begin with the least invasive options, which are non-surgical. However, if the problem is severe, surgery may be required.
To avoid gum disease, the first step is scaling and root planing, a specialized cleaning procedure. This method involves using an ultrasonic cleaning tool to eliminate plaque and tartar from hard-to-reach areas like under the gum line, on the tooth, and around the root. Afterward, the tooth and root’s rough surfaces are smooth, providing a clean and healthy surface that facilitates the gum tissue’s reattachment to the tooth.
To prevent severe gum disease, it’s important to get treatment early. Scaling and root planing may be enough, but it’s crucial to continue caring for your teeth afterward to prevent future issues. This includes daily brushing and flossing, eating a healthy diet, avoiding tobacco, and scheduling regular dental checkups. Even with successful treatment, neglecting your oral hygiene can lead to gum disease returning.
Surgical Treatment Options
Suppose the tissue or bone around your teeth is too damaged to be fixed with non-surgical treatment. In that case, several surgical procedures are available to prevent further damage and restore a healthy smile. Our team will suggest the best approach for your specific condition. Here are some common types of periodontal surgery:
Pocket Depth Reduction
A healthy mouth has strong gum tissue and sturdy jaw bones that firmly support the teeth. However, periodontal disease can harm these tissues and bones, causing gaps around the teeth called pockets. These pockets can accumulate bacteria, leading to more damage over time and potentially resulting in tooth loss. To address this issue, we perform pocket reduction procedures known as “flap surgery.” During this procedure, we fold back the gum tissue and remove any bacteria, plaque, or tartar that has accumulated. We may also remove damaged tissue if necessary. Once the teeth and roots are cleaned, and the pockets are reduced, healthy gum tissue is sewn back into place so that the gums can reattach to the teeth.
If you have lost bone and tissue that supports your teeth because of severe gum disease, we can help with a regeneration procedure. We will then fold back your gum tissue and remove bacteria, plaque, and tartar. Depending on your specific condition, we may perform a bone graft to stimulate new bone growth or use a particular protein to encourage tissue growth and repair the damaged areas caused by the disease.
Gum recession, also known as gingival recession, is a common symptom of gum disease. This occurs when the gums recede, revealing more of the roots. As a result, teeth may appear longer and become sensitive to hot or cold food and drinks. Moreover, gum disease can cause damage to the tooth and root as bacteria, plaque, and tartar attack the surface.
Soft-tissue grafting uses tissue from the top of the mouth or another source to treat this condition. This procedure covers the roots and restores the gum line to its original and healthy location. Soft-tissue grafting can also be done for cosmetic purposes.